Australian Capital Territory


an Australian federal territory, created in 1911 as an enclave within south-eastern NSW; contains Canberra, the country's capital city; its courts have legal jurisdiction also in the Jervis Bay Territory. 2330 km2. Abbrev.: ACT
The area now known as the Australian Capital Territory lies within the traditional territory of the Ngunnawal and Ngarigo peoples. European exploration and settlement date from the 1820s. Upon Federation, both Melbourne and Sydney vied for selection as the nation's capital. As a compromise, the Constitution provided for a new capital city to be built in territory taken from NSW but located at least 100 miles (160 kilometres) from Sydney. After a number of sites were considered, the present location was chosen in 1908, together with territory at Jervis Bay to provide access to the sea. Initially known as the Federal Capital Territory, it was formally named the Australian Capital Territory in 1938. The ACT is governed by a ministry headed by a chief minister and has a legislative assembly that has all state and local government functions, although its decisions can be overruled by the federal government. See also Canberra; Jervis Bay Territory.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Australian Capital Territory — Flagge Wappen (Detail …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Australian Capital Territory — federal territory in the SE part of New South Wales: site of Canberra, Australian capital: 939 sq mi (2,432 sq km); pop. 280,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Australian Capital Territory — Australian Cap|i|tal Ter|ri|to|ry the Australian Capital Territory an area in southeast Australia that includes the capital city Canberra and Jervis Bay …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Australian Capital Territory —   [ɔs treɪljən kæpɪtl terɪtərɪ], Abkürzung ACT, bis 1988 direkt der australischen Bundesregierung unterstehendes, heute weitgehend mit Selbstverwaltung ausgestattetes Gebiet, umfasst das Gebiet um die Hauptstadt Canberra, rd. 320 km südwestlich… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Australian Capital Territory — a federal territory on the continent of Australia in the SE part: includes Canberra, capital of the Commonwealth of Australia. 221,609; 939 sq. mi. (2430 sq. km). Formerly, Federal Capital Territory. * * * Political entity (pop., 2001: 321,680),… …   Universalium

  • Australian Capital Territory — Australia state or territory Name = Australian Capital Territory Fullname = Australian Capital Territory the = the Motto = For the Queen, the Law and the People Nickname = The Nations Heart or The Capital Emblems = The floral emblem of the ACT is …   Wikipedia

  • Australian Capital Territory — Territoire de la capitale australienne Australian Capital Territory (Territoire de la capitale australienne) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Australian Capital Territory — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Australian Capital Territory Country and Admin Code AU.01 AU …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Australian Capital Territory — Austral′ian Cap′ital Ter′ritory n. geg a federal territory on the continent of Australia in the SE part: includes Canberra, capital of the Commonwealth of Australia. 304,100; 939 sq. mi. (2430 sq. km) Formerly, Federal Capital Territory …   From formal English to slang

  • Australian Capital Territory — a federal territory on the continent of Australia in the SE part: includes Canberra, capital of the Commonwealth of Australia. 221,609; 939 sq. mi. (2430 sq. km). Formerly, Federal Capital Territory …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.